A Grammar of Trio, a Cariban Language of Suriname

TitleA Grammar of Trio, a Cariban Language of Suriname
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsCarlin, Eithne B.
Series TitleDuisburger Arbeiten zur Sprach- und Kulturwissenschaft / Duisburg Papers on Research in Language and Culture
Series Volume55
Number of Pagesxxxiv + 549pp
PublisherPeter Lang
CityFrankfurt am Main, New York, etc.

This is a comprehensive descriptive grammar of Trio, a Cariban language, spoken in the remote rainforest of Suriname and along the border in Brazil. Typologically interesting features of Trio include a basic word order Object-Verb-Subject and a system of evidentiality that expresses whether or not the speaker was eye-witness to an event. Trio has several grammatical morphemes that mirror the group's conceptualization of the world of the visible and the invisible in which they live; one is a facsimile marker that expresses that the denotee of a noun is manifestly but not intrinsically that denotee; the role of the individual in contributing to a harmonious collective, recognized by anthropologists as a salient aspect of Amazonian life, is expressed by two 'responsibility' clitics. This grammar will be a valuable source-book for linguists, anthropologists, and everyone interested in the finer points of Guianan-Amazonian languages.

KeywordsSuriname, Trio

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